Introduction: Anxiety is a psychological disorder caused by certain physiological deficiencies that is showcased by unpleasant feelings. Anxiety affects directly to person’s way of thinking and may lead to other psychological disorders like phobia, obsessive compulsive disorder and depression.
Symptoms of Anxiety: Symptoms include continuous ongoing worry, tension, headache, nausea, lack of concentration, tiredness, irritability, sleeplessness, chest pain, shortness of breath, and panic attacks.
Causes/Epidemiology: Causes of anxiety can be genetical, environmental, chemical alterations in brain. Anxiety can be inherited from the ancestors due to genetic makeup. Several imbalances of the neurotransmitters in brain may also be the responsible factors. Some life events like divorce, abuse, brake ups in personal relationships, trauma, death of loved ones, repeated change in jobs/schools or colleges, conflicts between parents, losing of job and so on may also cause anxiety.
Diagnosis: There are no specific laboratory tests available for diagnosis of anxiety, though a physician can report anxiety by psychological evaluation, medical history and patient counseling i.e. asking questions about any disastrous events or stressful conditions that would have taken place in patient’s different life stages. Anxiety is diagnosed if symptoms are present for more days than not during a period of at least six months. The symptoms also must interfere with daily living, such as causing the patient to miss work or school.
Treatment: Anxiety can be treated by medications/ Behavioral therapy or combination of both. Medications include some anti psychotics and antidepressants. While behavioral therapy includes change of thought patterns and behavior through one to one counseling. There are several drawbacks of medications like dependence of the drugs, sleepiness and some sexual problems.
Can anxiety be prevented? : Although in all circumstances one can not say that anxiety can be prevented but yes, there are several measures that can cause significant decrease incidents of anxiety. These include:
· Counseling and support after a traumatic or disturbing experience
· Keep your body and mind health by healthy diet, regular exercise and some brain storming games like puzzles, case studies etc.
· Have a good, sound and sufficient sleep i.e. avoid late nights as well as oversleep.
· Enjoy each moment of life and offer prayer to god daily.